A group of international scientists, including researchers from GNS Science, has produced a new global earthquake hazard map and, for the first time, accompanying risk maps.
GNS Science said the maps and associated software will set a new benchmark for developing disaster risk reduction strategies worldwide.
Produced by the Global Earthquake Model Foundation (GEM), the new maps are a mosaic of more than 30 national and regional hazard and risk models and supersede a global earthquake hazard model released in 1999.
GNS Science developed the NZ models for seismic hazard and risk that have been included in the new global model.
With risk included, these models describe the impact of future earthquakes on infrastructure and people, often expressed as deaths, injuries and economic losses. These impact descriptions will provide effective information for planners and decision-makers both in NZ and globally.
GNS Science said that for the first time, data behind the maps have been centrally stored on GEM’s online platform and will be accessible to a wide range of users including hazard and risk analysts, engineers, modellers, emergency planners, and the public.
New Zealand’s representative on the GEM governance group, Dr Kelvin Berryman of GNS Science, said: “This initiative is a prime example of scientific efforts around the world to help us better understand earthquakes and improve risk mitigation and emergency preparedness for the future.”
The new maps are derived from the most comprehensive global assessment of earthquake hazard and risk to date. Inputs include standardised data from more than 20,000 large earthquakes worldwide in the past 110 years, information from 70,000 GPS stations around the world, specific information on major active faults, data on global building stock, and vulnerability of communities to earthquakes.
Secretary-general of the GEM Foundation, Dr John Schneider, said: “It has been a decade now since GEM started this initiative. The collaboration across public, private and academic sectors from the 30-plus member nations and private sector partners has been truly exceptional.”
GEM is a public–private partnership initiated in 2006 by the Global Science Forum of the OECD to develop global, open-source risk assessment software and tools. New Zealand, via GNS Science, has been participating in GEM since its inception in 2006.